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Northeast of the Ussuri River travel guide

2018-05-01 08:00:00

The Ussuri River is a tributary of China and the boundary river between China and Russia. The upper reaches are formed by the confluence of the Ulla and Dauby rivers. Both rivers originate in the southwestern slopes of the Sikhot Mountains and flow northeast to Khabarovsk (Boli) and join them. It is 909 km (565 mi) long and covers an area of 187,000 km2 (72,200 mi). The river is wide and the water flows slowly. The main tributaries are Songacha River, Muleng River, Naoli River and so on. A long section of the main stream was the cause of the Sino-Soviet border dispute (1969), and in 1977 the two sides established rules of navigation in the Sino-Soviet border waters. The Wusuli River has a freezing period of about 5 months. The Uura is navigable below. The Ussuri River originates in the coastal, Sitholt mountains, with a total length of 905 kilometers and a drainage area of 1870002 square kilometers, known as the Amur River in Russia. "Ussuri River" in Manchu means "river in water" and "river of sunrise", which is the place where the sun rises first in China. The Ussuri River is a major tributary, its upper reaches formed by the confluence of the Ulla and Doughi rivers, flowing northeast to the Bori area and turning sharply to the southwest. The Ussuri River is 880 kilometers long and covers an area of nearly 190,000 square kilometers. From the point where its tributary Songacha River is injected to the point where the river and the confluence end, it is the boundary river between China and the Soviet Union. The Ussuri River basin has fertile land, dense virgin forests, abundant minerals, and abundant soybeans and sorghum. Aquatic products are also very rich, the sturgeon, the beluga fish, sturgeon, sturgeon, east pearl (pearl), etc., as well as specialty salmon, the largest up to four or five meters, weighing seven to eight hundred kilograms. The number of this fish in the fishing season is extremely large, almost to an astonishing degree, according to "Zhi" records: "Every autumn from the sea upstream, into the river drive not to go, filled very thick, the local people have the back of the fish and cross." The Ussuri River freezes over for more than four months each year, making it completely unnavigable, turning the river into a smooth road for sledding, but it is still possible to cut through the ice to catch fish.


The Ussuri River is rich in fish, and its wide surface and smooth water flow make it easy for navigation. On both sides, there are low mountains and hills approaching the river, making the beautiful scenery of the Ussuri River more colorful. The islands in the river and on both sides of the lush plants, some areas of dense vegetation near the shore of the low mountains and hills, water waves, trees; The hills reflect each other and are charming and beautiful. This section of the river is characterized by: both sides of the original vegetation, either grass or wood. All the island beach, is lush, Manjiang take off gull heron wild ewing birds, the water is slow, that is elegant, and quiet. The Ussuri River has been recognized by the United Nations as an unpolluted river, and the scenery on both sides is beautiful and pleasant. The Wusuli River Nature Reserve has a total area of 3.9 hectares, more than 3,700 hectares of forest land and 1.31 hectares of marshland, which retains the integrity of the original wetland system of Sanjiang River. There are more than 1000 kinds of plants, 167 kinds of birds, 27 kinds of animals and 43 kinds of fish in the Wusuli River Nature Reserve. In the Ussuri River, there is a small island about two kilometers long, called Zhenbao Island, located near 46.5 degrees north latitude and 134 degrees east longitude. Originally a peninsula stretching into the Ussuri River from the Chinese side, it became a small island after a long period of water impact. Nowadays, every summer dry season, Zhenbao Island is still connected with the Chinese land in the Ussuri River, returning to the original appearance of the peninsula. The older generation of Chinese fishermen who work on the Ussuri River call Zhenbao Island "Weng Island." The climate here is very cold in winter, and the ice period is very long, as long as five months.


Best time to travel


Spring (March to May) is prone to spring drought and wind, and the temperature rises quickly and is changeable, rising or cooling once can reach 10°C or so. The average seasonal precipitation is 50-80 mm, accounting for only about 15% of the whole year. Summer (June to August) is hot, humid and rainy. The average temperature in July is 19-20°C, with a maximum of 38°C. The average precipitation is 200 ~ 400 mm, accounting for 60%-70% of the whole year. Due to the concentration of precipitation, there are heavy rains, prone to flood disasters, therefore, the summer need to flood control, waterlogging.


Local festival


There are many local seasonal activities in the province. Because it is one of the areas inhabited by ethnic minorities, different ethnic groups have different customs, different cultures and different seasonal activities. But the biggest and most influential seasonal events are the provincial ski festival and the municipal Ice Festival. Provincial ski Festival, held once a year, the time is set for December 5 to January 5 of the next year, for a month, if visitors come at this time, you can go to the ski resort to try your hand, enjoy the fun of ice and snow sports. The Ice and Snow Festival is also held at this time, and visitors can go to the city to see the beauty of ice lanterns and snow sculptures, enjoy the ice and snow evening parties, and participate in many ice and snow entertainment projects.


Matters needing attention


In winter, the temperature difference between inside and outside is very large, you need to bring thick drought-resistant clothing, and bring some medicines to prevent colds. Pay attention to the warmth of the camera when using it.


Gourmet snacks


The province is located in northern Xinjiang, is the province with the lowest climate, and has developed the characteristics of heavy salty and spicy food for people. The cuisine is composed of localized traditional dishes and innovative dishes, flavored national dishes and specialized casual dishes, including Manchu and Chinese dinner, sheep dinner, tofu dinner, dumpling banquet, ice and snow banquet. The dish is characterized by "wide selection of materials, a variety of seasonings; Salty, hot, sour and sweet, color and flavor shape; The soup and vegetables are both good, and the taste is strong." Dishes have perfect cooking techniques, such as explosive, saute, slip, roast, shabu, braising, steaming, quick-boiling and cooking. The representative dishes are braised salmon, pickled vegetable powder, Northeast four stews (catfish stewed eggplant, pork stewed vermicelli, pickled cabbage stewed white meat, chicken stewed mushroom), stewed deer tail, flying dragon soup. More famous snacks are red sausage, pine nut tripe, old Dingfeng pastry and so on.


This article is based on experience


Traffic information


The airline has four civil airports, of which the international airport is one of the eight civil airports, and has become the second largest international airport in northeast China. The international airport has regular flights to more than 30 major and Chinese tourist cities such as 、、、、、、、、、、、. In addition, there are flights to Prague Visenko, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok in the Russian Far East, Seoul in South Korea, and Niigata in Japan. It is one of the earliest provinces built in China, with transportation as the main trunk. After Tsarist forces invaded northeast China, it began to build the first province - Beiman (now called Binsui and Binzhou) in 1897. There are 26 branches in the province, which radiate to the four economic cities as the axis, and connect Russia and North Korea through international trunk lines and trunk lines. Among them, Binsui and Binzhou are connected with Siberia, Russia, and Mu (Danjiang) Tu (men) is connected with Korea. Jingha, Rabin, Pingqi, Tonglang, Mu Tu five trunk lines are connected. The province's operating mileage is 5,121 kilometers, ranking first. Highway province has 7 national highways, highway mileage of 46,617 kilometers, ranking fifth. Expressway has been built "- - - suifenhe,", "102 national road boundary line -- -- -" article 2, -, - with jiang, 102 national road boundary, the highway is under construction. At that time, it will be possible to take the expressway directly from or along the river to the capital. Water transport province is rich in water resources, ranking the top of the three northeast provinces, the province's inland waterway navigation mileage of 4,696 kilometers, the existing direct passenger routes 9, Songhua River, Wusuli River as the backbone, and the port as the hub of the water transport network through the entire territory. Among them, the Songhua River route is the provincial water transport trunk line, which is navigable from May to November every year; The route is located in the northernmost part of China, connecting with Songhua River and Ussuri River in Tongjiang and Khabarovsk (Boli) of Russia; The Ussuri River route is the Sino-Russian boundary river route, which is frozen in winter.