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How does a sound engineer set a drum

2018-01-12 00:00:00

How does a sound engineer set a drum


Drum kit




Mature, professional drummers generally have experience with rapid drum tuning, as well as meticulous drum tuning, and generally have their own series of moves. Drummers generally pay more attention to exchanging experiences with each other. The drum tuning method in the studio will greatly affect the drummer due to the problems of the recording engineer and recording equipment, etc. The recording engineer generally has his own set of methods and personality, because the technical problems in the recording aspect is a difficult technical field, it is unable to elaborate here. But first the drummer should be able to tune his drums to the natural sound he wants. To remind the novice drummer is not demanding their own drum in a conventional environment, without any electrical equipment can knock out the sound of the cd.


The choice of drum skin is the most commonly used, Pinstripe, transparent, double layer, the kind with a circle of black thick lines on the side, which is used in ttom drums, some people call oil skin. Some people call it studio head. remo itself describes it as: composed of two layers of remo transparent skin membrane, from the internal stop, control overtone and echo. Creates a cohesive, lower-pitched timbre with a medium weak point of impact and response. Suitable for heavy, fat voices. There are the usual clear kind, and there are white coated ones


FiberSkyn, the Coated, white version of the drum skin on which it is most commonly coated, combines remo film with synthetic fibers using an advanced drop coating method that looks, sounds and feels antique. It has a cowhide tone: dark, warm and rounded. It is recommended for traditional jazz, old rock, no rhythm, and symphonic drum, drum, ttom drum, and is also very good for tambourine. Choose the right drum cover, just like you choose a certain kind of drum hammer, or choose a certain kind of underwear, comfortable in yourself.


It depends on what kind of drum you're using. You have to think about, 1, what kind of drum you're using; 2, is it ready to use Mike amplification; 3, what kind of music to play; 4, the environment of the performance (whether it is a bar, a stadium, etc., indoor or outdoor), and so on. Perhaps many friends do not have the conditions to consider so much, anyway, the selection of drum skin can not simply see what the "drum king" uses, what you use, you have to learn why he uses that kind of drum skin, but also have to think about it yourself, slowly accumulate experience.


For starters, beginners, of course, it is still more important to be cheap, but at the same time, it is best to pay attention to these points: 1, the surface of the drum skin should be smooth; 2, there should be a proper arc between the drum skin and the metal drum skin ring, so that the drum skin can lie tightly on the drum cavity mouth; 3, the intersection of the drum and the metal drum ring is as wrinkly as possible; 4, determine whether the drum cover as a whole is level; 5, the above points have a great impact on the tune of the drum, even decisive, the domestic drum skin should be carefully selected, the imported drum skin will be better, but because the price is relatively expensive, and the transportation is inevitably squeezed, so it should also be selected, many harsh professional players in foreign countries, when ordering the timpani drum and other larger size drum skin, They often send a special drum case for shipping, which shows the importance of drum cover and the safety of transportation is very important. 6, the thickness of the drum skin is easy to feel out, the timbre is very different, by no means the thicker the better or the thinner the better.


Type of music If you play heavy metal music, it is best to have a double drum cover, or a single drum with a thick central pad. If you play jazz and your brush is Coated, it's coated. The most common drum skin), medium, or thin is more suitable. Using or not using the mike not only has an amplification effect on the drum, but also changes the timbre and length of the drum. If your snare drum and ttom drum do not use the mike, and you prefer a wider sound, it is best to use a single drum cover with a smaller stop, which makes your drum brighter and more transparent.


If you are going to use mics, 'double drum cover' is more comfortable. A single drum cover creates a larger overtone in the sound system and feeds back to the Mike. Of course, if you have a good tuner can help you make good use of and solve these problems. I think in addition to durability, the drum is not very demanding on the drum skin, and the audience is unlikely to notice how much money you use the drum skin, and the difference in timbre between different drum skins on the drum is more limited. But big drum skins wear out much faster than other drum skins.


Ttom drums and snare drums are very particular about the skin. The snare drum may like the silver dot but at the same time the ttom drum may not fit. On average, a drummer will probably hit the snare 30 times more times than the ttom ---- On average, it takes 30 beats to hit the ttom once. If you find that after playing all night, your snare drum is covered with pits and the ttom is still smooth, you should change the snare cover. If you're not sure, listen to the other drummer's drum cover, listen to the actual play, the overall sound. Then refer to what kind of leather they use. One or two sided drummers prefer the one sided ttom and the big drum. But most drummers use double-sided ones. The main thing to consider is what kind of sound you like.


A double-sided ttom drum is not much more difficult to tune than a single-sided TTOM drum, it just takes a little longer. Some drummers think that the base and the face should be tuned differently, which will reduce the volume of some drums and widen the timbre of the drums. When you hit the drum, the skin vibrates, pushing the air down, and then vibrates the bottom skin below. Both sides vibrate at the same time. If the surface vibration is the air down, and the bottom skin makes the air up, technically speaking, it will have a certain cancellation of the sound. If you find that the ttom drum "cries hard", you can adjust the adjustment of the underside relationship.


1, snare drum percussion method snare drum, also known as snare drum, is the most important instrument in the western tuneless percussion instrument, is one of the drums. The playing posture of the snare drum is also the playing posture of the drum set. In drum playing, because the feet need to step on the drum and the hairpin at the same time, they are played in sitting position. When playing, the posture should be correct, and the upper body body such as the chest, shoulders, and arms should be relaxed naturally. When playing percussion, the arms are naturally bent upward on the drumstick, holding the hammer with both hands, the second joint of the right thumb and the second and third joints of the index finger hold the handle of the drumstick, the thumb and the third joint of the index finger naturally close together, the middle finger, ring finger and little finger palm bend, and maintain a certain gap with the mallet handle to control the drumstick. With the left palm to the inside, hold the handle of the drumstick at the tiger mouth of the thumb and index finger, and support the bottom of the drumstick with the third joint of the ring finger. The other fingers naturally curve towards the palm to form a grip ball. Master the correct mallet holding posture, but also have the correct percussion method. In training, you must remember to play the word, that is, to play. After the drumstick is struck on the drum face, the preparatory movement of the drumming must be resumed immediately. The drumming action should be completed in an instant, and it should be elastic and fully resonant, and it should be played bright, concentrated, strong, and powerful, and the sound effect should be played. Beginners should also pay attention to the percussion position when practicing percussion, which should be struck at three to five centimeters from the point of the snare drum. In addition, there are side stroke method, tone control side stroke method, alternate stroke method, roll play and so on. When practicing, you can practice with one hand first, and then practice with both hands, or you can alternate hands. 2, bass drum step playing method bass drum with right foot hit, under normal circumstances, heel on the back end of the pedal, with the ankle joint as the axis, with the front foot to hit the pedal and drive the drumstick hit the drum face. When stepping, the muscles of the thigh, calf and foot should relax accordingly, and the hammer head should return immediately after hitting the drum surface to form a circular stomping action. In the very strong play, the foot can be suspended with the toe to hit the pedal, so that all the weight of the right leg falls on a point, so as to strengthen the strength of the step and get the desired effect. 3, step on the pin playing method step on the pin with the left foot, its striking key is to step on the heel at the back end of the pedal, with the ankle joint as the axis, by the foot paw to step on the pedal, when the foot paw under, do not need to return immediately and need to control the delay, resulting in a closed sound effect, which is also different from the right foot drum. 4. Tom-drum percussion method: tom-drum percussion is the same as snare drum. When changing drum percussion, the forearm and forearm must be driven by the wrist to move naturally to other drum parts to form natural coordinated movements.

Matters needing attention

Single-sided ttom drums tend to be thinner, single, thinner and more brittle than double-sided ttom drums. For comparison, you can listen to Neil Peart's album before using double-sided TTOM drums on 6'8'10' drums, and then listen to __Presto__, double-sided TTOM drums are sweeter.


The big drum will also produce a big difference in timbre due to single and double leather, and the big drum of single leather will pronounce faster, but the timbre is often not low enough and heavy. In addition, it is recommended that the big drum should be used as much as possible, for the live performance, 75% of people dance with the rhythm of the big drum, if your big drum timbre is not sufficient, the audience will be very uncomfortable and can not move. ​